7.0156 Computing and Biblical Studies (1/130)

Fri, 3 Sep 1993 17:22:59 EDT

Humanist Discussion Group, Vol. 7, No. 0156. Friday, 3 Sep 1993.

Date: Fri, 3 Sep 1993 16:15:50 +22306256 (EST)
From: kraft@ccat.sas.upenn.edu (Robert Kraft)
Subject: Computing and Biblical Studies

As some of you know, I've been gathering information on computing and
New Testament textual criticism, which has expended now to the larger
context of computing and biblical studies. In the attached list, I have
attempted to identify some of the more obvious markers along the way, in
chronological sequence. Some of the information will be inaccurate
and/or incomplete, and other equally significant developments will have
been missed. It is a draft, from which a lengthy bibliography has been
removed. The original orientation towards NT textcriticism remains
obvious in the listing of sources near the end. I will need to expand
that section to include Jewish scriptures, other versions, etc.

In any event, I invite your corrections, additions, supplements, and
other comments. Since we are making history, we need to be sure the
recording of it is as accurate as possible.

Bob Kraft, UPenn (with the usual apologies for multiple listing)
reply to kraft@ccat.sas.upenn.edu

Computers and Biblical Studies: a Brief Outline
by RAK (2 Sept 1993)

Selected highlights (by date) of computer developments of special
relevance for biblical studies:

1949 Roberto Busa's Aquinas Project begun (study of literature)
1951-57 Ellison's Harvard Dissertation (NT textcriticism)
195? Ellison's Concordance of RSV, electronically produced
1955 Centre d'Analyse Documentaire pour l'Arche/ologie founded
(Jean-Claude Gardin)
1960? A. Q. Morton's stylistic studies of Paul, etc.
1961 Founding of LASLA (Laboratoire d'Analyse Statistique des
Langues Anciennes) at University of Liege, Belgium
1966 Computers and the Humanities Journal (J. Raben)
1967-1979 CALCULI newsletter by Stephen Waite (Dartmouth)
1968 British Academy Committee on the Use of Computers in Textual
Criticism, chaired by K. J. Dover [when did it begin?]
1968 CETEDOC established (Paul Tombeur) [CALCULI 152]
1968 Beuron Vulgate Concordance Project (Fischer, Ott)
1969 American Philological Association Repository begun
1970 Yehuda T. Radday works on Isaiah Authorship
1970 reports & activities (SBL, SNTS-Grayston, Fischer, etc.)
1971 Arthur Baird and David N. Freedman, Computer Bible Series,
Biblical Research Associates
1972 TLG Project begins (Theodore Brunner, UCal Irvine)
197?-?? Richard Whitaker, ARITHMOI (general)
1973 Association for Literary and Linguistic Computing founded
(Bulletin begins 1975)
1973 David Packard Morph Analysis Program
1975 David Packard develops early IBYCUS (1977) prototypes
1976 Oxford Text Archive established
19?? Maredsous Project (biblical texts and translations)
19?? G. Weil CATAB-CNRS Project (Hebrew Scriptures; cantillation, etc.)
19?? F. I. Andersen (Hebrew scriptures; syntax)
19?? Raymond Martin (translation technique, style, etc.)
197? H. Van Dyke Parunak (Hebrew Scriptures; lexical density plots)
1977 Werkgroep Informatica at Amsterdam (E. Talstra, F. Postma)
1977 Joseph Raben Directory of Scholars Active in Computer
Assisted Research in The Humanities (Pergamon)
1978 CNRS Colloquium on Computers and Textual Criticism [CALCULI
291f.; "publication of proceedings is planned."]
1978 Association for Computers and Humanities (ACH) founded
1978 CATSS Project Probes at UPenn (Greek Jewish Scriptures)
1979 GRAMCORD (Reference Manual; Paul Miller)
1981 Friberg NT Morph article published (ed Patton)
1981 Michigan-Claremont BHS text encoding begun (Parunak-Whitaker)
1982 Association Internationale "Bible et Informatique" (AIBI)
1984 OFFLINE column begins (SBL), CCAT at UPenn
1985 AIBI First International Colloquium, Louvain-la-Neuve
19?? PHI
1987 John Hughes, Bits, Bytes & Biblical Studies (Zondervan)
1987 Perseus Project begun (hypertext Classical Studies)
1988 AIBI Second International Colloquium, Jerusalem
1988? Text Encoding Initiative begun (SGML based)
1991 AIBI Third International Colloquium,

Catalogue of Relevant Resources for NT Text Study (July 1993)

Ancient Texts and Versions:

UBS2 and 3, UBS 3 corrected
Stephanus (no diacritics)
Byzantine text (" ")
Scrivener text of 1894 [KJV base reconstructed] (" ")
Syriac (Aramaic) - The Way [BBBS 569]
Syriac Peshitta MSS - Dale Johnson [BBBS 570]
Latin - Fischer/Stuttgart Vulgate (Ott)

Major Projects:

Vinton Dearing [BBBS 492 n11]
IGNT G.John / McReynolds (get details, CARG session)
Aland - Mu%nster Concordance [BBBS 568] Ep.James ??!

Software & Coding (see also Hockey; Yearbook 406ff):

TUSTEP (& micro-TUSTEP) software package (Wilhelm Ott)
CATSS Format and Software (for OG/LXX, originally)
COLLATE program by Peter Robinson
TEI Recommendations for SGML-type Markup
Interpreting MSS, by Timothy W. Seid [Yearbook 27]
Parsons, Gk MSS
PHYLIP & BLUDGEON [Yearbook 407]

Bibliography (see also CALCULI, ARITHMOI):

Ott, Wilhelm. In ALLC Bulletin 2.1 (1974) 74-77.

Hughes, BBBS [esp 492 n11] (Zondervan, 1987)

Lancashire, Ian (ed). Humanities Computing Yearbooks for 1988, 1989.

OFFLINE (passim)

AIBI Maredsous Newsletters and Bibliographies
(1) Cathy Vanhove-Romanik, 1981 (Reports of Centre IB)
(2) Servais, Ge/rard. "Bible et Informatique: Bibliographie
1981-1985." Pp. 311-321 in Actes du Premier Colloque
International Bible et Informatique: Le Texte.... Louvain-la-
Neuve (Belgique) 2-3-4 septembre 1985 (Champion-Slatkine, 1986).

CNRS annual bibliographies in religion

chronological list of publications: [deleted here]