9.625 ALLC/ACH '96; TEI Workshop; Ethics conf.

Humanist (mccarty@phoenix.Princeton.EDU)
Fri, 15 Mar 1996 19:30:39 -0500 (EST)

Humanist Discussion Group, Vol. 9, No. 625.
Center for Electronic Texts in the Humanities (Princeton/Rutgers)
Information at http://www.princeton.edu/~mccarty/humanist/

[1] From: Nancy Ide <ide@univ-aix.fr> (142)
Subject: TEI Workshop at DL96

[2] From: "Espen S. Ore" <Espen.Ore@hd.uib.no> (206)
Subject: ALLC-ACH '96

[3] From: Jaroslav Skira <jskira@epas.utoronto.ca> (64)
Subject: Ethics Conference - Toronto

Date: Thu, 14 Mar 1996 13:28:36 +0000
From: Nancy Ide <ide@univ-aix.fr>
Subject: TEI Workshop at DL96

* W O R K S H O P *

The Text Encoding Initiative Guidelines
and Their Application to Building Digitial Libraries

March 23, 1996
9:30am - 3:30pm


Nancy Ide
Vassar College, USA and CNRS, France

Judith Klavans
Columbia University, USA

Held in conjunction with
March 20-23, 1996
Hyatt Regency
Bethesda, Maryland USA


9:30 - 10:15 Overview of the TEI
Nancy Ide and Judith Klavans, TEI Steering Committee

10:15 - 10:45 The TEI in the Perseus Project
David A. Smith, Perseus project, Tufts University

10:45 - 11:15 How will library cataloging relate to TEI documents? Issues
Steven Davis, Columbia University

11:15 - 11:45 TEI and the American Memory Projectat the Library of Congre=
Debbie Lapeyre and Tommie Usdin, Atlis Consulting

11:45 - 12:15 Encoding two large Spanish corpora with the TEI scheme:
Design and technical aspects of textual markup
Marta Pino, Instituto de Lexicografia, Real Academia Espann=

12:15 - 1:00 Lunch

1:00 - 1:30 The Model Editions Partnership: Creating Editions of Histor=
Documents for the Internet
David Chesnutt and Michael Sperberg-McQueen, Model Editions

1:30 - 2:00 Creating DTDs via Fred
Keith Shafer, OCLC Online Computer Library Center

2:00 - 2:30 Some Problems of TEI Markup and Early Printed Books
Julia Flanders, Brown University Women Writers Project

2:30 - 3:00 TEI and the National Digital Library Program
LeeEllen Friedland, National Digital Library Program,
Library of

3:00 - 3:30 Suggestions for the future development of the TEI Guideline=

| This announcement with links to papers, etc. is available on the |
| World Wide Web at <http://www.cs.vassar.edu/~ide/DL96/> |


The Text Encoding Initiative's Guidelines for Electronic Text Encoding and
Interchange of Machine-Readable Texts were published in May 1994, after six
years of development within the academic and research communities. The
SGML-based Guidelines provide standardized encoding conventions for a large
range of text types and features relevant for a broad range of
applications, including natural language processing, information retrieval,
hypertext, electronic publishing, various forms of literary and historical
analysis, lexicography, etc. The Guidelines are intended to apply to texts,
written or spoken, in any natural language, of any date, in any genre or
text type, without restriction on form or content. They treat both
continuous materials (running text) and discontinuous materials such as
dictionaries and linguistic corpora. As such, the TEI Guidelines offer the
best encoding solution currently available for the development of digital
libraries, where varied and complex texts must be stored and manipulated in
ways that answer a wide variety of user needs, and where the linkage of
multi-media is essential.

The TEI provides encoding conventions for describing the physical and
logical structure of many classes of texts, as well as features particular
to a given text type or not conventionally represented in typography. The
TEI Guidelines also cover common text encoding problems, including intra-
and inter-textual cross reference, demarcation of arbitrary text segments,
alignment of parallel elements, overlapping hierarchies, etc. In addition,
they provide conventions for linking texts to acoustic and visual data. The
TEI's specific achievements include:

o the specification of restrictions on and recommendations for SGML use
that enables maximal generality and flexibility in order to serve the
widest possible range of research, development, and application needs;

o analysis and identification of categories and features for encoding
textual data, at many levels of detail;

o specification of a set of general text structure definitions that is
effective, flexible, and extensible;

o specification of a method for in-file documentation of electronic texts
compatible with library cataloging conventions, which can be used to
trace the history of the texts and thus assist in authenticating their
provenance and the modifications they have undergone--this is especially
valuable for the development of digital libraries;

o specification of encoding conventions for special kinds of texts or text
features, including: character sets, language corpora, general
linguistics, dictionaries, terminological data, spoken texts,
hypermedia, literary prose, verse, drama, historical source materials,
and text critical apparatus.

The Guidelines also provide an extensible and flexible Document Type
Definition (DTD) framework for text encoding, containing a common core of
features, a choice of frameworks or bases, and a wide variety of optional
additions for specific applications or text types. In addition, the TEI
Guidelines offer the possibility to encode many different views of a text,
simultaneously if necessary, which is of critical interest for building
digital libraries, where different users may view the same text in many
different ways (physical object, logical structure, rhetorical object,
linguistic object, etc.).

Theme and Goals of the Workshop

Extensive application of the Guidelines began in a large-scale way since
their release in spring of 1994. Numerous projects in North America and
Europe have recently adopted the Guidelines for a wide variety of
applications. The work of the TEI is now to evaluate, modify and extend the
Guidelines in response to user experience and needs.

This workshop provides a forum for technical discussion and evaluation of
the TEI Guidelines, as they have so far been implemented in real
applications, particularly those which have relevance for building digital
libraries. The topics include but are not limited to:

o detailed description of application of the Guidelines, with
particular emphasis on interesting problems and (TEI or non-TEI)

o handling unusual or complex text types, or text types not treated in
the Guidelines

o handling multi-media with the Guidelines

o evaluation of the TEI DTD architecture, element and entity classes,

o encoding multiple views or information types

o proposals for extension of the TEI Guidelines

o data architectures (e.g., multiple linked files, etc.) for storing
complex documents

A second focus of the workshop is the refinement and/or adaptation of the
TEI Guidelines for particular text types and/or applications. Because it
aims at maximal generality, the TEI necessarily takes its encoding
solutions to the highest possible level of abstraction. In addition, the
TEI often provides multiple options for encoding the same phenomenon. The
need to provide mechanisms which are maximally general and flexible is at
times at odds with the provision of mechanisms which are most efficient
and/or effective for a specific application or intended use. To develop an
encoding standard specifically suited to a given application, it is
desirable to choose from among various encoding options the method that is
optimal in the light of intended use. It may also be advantageous to refine
or delimit TEI solutions which are over-general for the needs of a given

In sum, the overall goals of the workshop are (1) to generate a technical
discussion on the applicability of the TEI Guidelines for building digital
libraries, and (2) to provide a forum for a broad assessment of encoding
needs for building digital libraries, in order to obtain a clearer idea of
what these needs are, and, if applicable, the directions in which the
development of the TEI Guidelines and surrounding activities should go to
accomodate them.

Date: Fri, 15 Mar 1996 14:58:40 +0100
From: "Espen S. Ore" <Espen.Ore@hd.uib.no>
Subject: ALLC-ACH '96

Please feel free to redistribute!

Espen Ore
Association for Literary and Linguistic Computing
Association for Computers and the Humanities
1996 Joint International Conference ALLC/ACH '96
June 25 - 29 1996 University of Bergen, Norway

Conference web-pages:



On behalf of the Executive Councils of the Association for Literary and
Linguistic Computing and the Association for Computers and the Humanities,
we cordially invite you to attend the eighth annual joint international
conference, to be held at the University of Bergen, Norway, June 25 - 29,

This conference is the major forum for discussion of the preparation,
encoding, and use of character-based electronic text and for computer-based
research in literature, linguistics, and related humanities disciplines. It
will include presentations on the development of new computing
methodologies for research and teaching in the humanities, on the
development of significant new materials and tools for humanities research,
and on the application and evaluation of computing techniques in humanities

The Association for Literary and Linguistic Computing was founded in 1973
as an international association to promote the development of literary and
linguistic computing.

The Association for Computers and the Humanities is a professional society
for scholars working in computer-related research in literature and
language studies, history, philosophy, and other disciplines of the


A Course in SGML, TEI, MECS, and an introduction to tools in text encoding
for humanisties research will be held on Saturday and Sunday, 22-23 June.
Instructors will be Lou Burnard, Peter Cripps, Claus Huitfeldt, and C. M.
Sperberg-McQueen. For details see the enclosed information.

As a preliminary event to the conference, an optional one day trip to the
fjords and mountains of Western Norway has been planned for Monday, June
24, from 7.33am to 5.14pm.

The conference will officially begin in the late afternoon and evening of
Tuesday, June 25, with opening addresses and a reception.

Concurrent sessions will begin on the morning of Wednesday, June 26, and
continue through to closing at noon on Saturday, June 29.

An optional tour of the city of Bergen and its surroundings has been
scheduled for the afternoon of Thursday, June 27, from 2pm to 5pm.

An optional banquet will be held on the evening of Thursday, June 27, in
the Haakon's Hall, a royal banquet hall built between 1247 and 1261.

Accommodation is available at special conference rates at a variety of
hotels, all within walking distance from the conference centre.

How to get there

The airport bus costs NOK 45,- and has a stop at Hotel Norge which is
within walking distance from all the other hotels.

(For SAS flights to Bergen see <http://www.sas.se/>)

Those who travel via Oslo may choose the scenic train ride rather than fly
to Bergen.

There are ferries to Bergen from: Hanstholm (Denmark) and
Newcastle/Aberdeen/Lerwick (UK).

For information contact:

Hanstholm-Egersund-Bergen: Fjordline, Tel.:+ 47 55 32 37 70
Newcastle-Stavanger-Bergen: ColorLine, Tel: + 47 55 54 86 60
Aberdeen-Lerwick-Bergen: P&O Scottish Feries, Tel (Norway): + 47 55 31 15
80 (UK): + 44 1224 572615.


Downtown Bergen covers a small area, so a car is not necessary unless you
want to visit the surrounding areas.


Meals at cafes and restaurants in Bergen vary in price from about NOK 50
(hamburger meal with soft drink) to NOK 500 or more including wine at a
fancy restaurant. The ethnic restaurants usually offer good meals at
reasonable prices.


Rooms are reserved at special conference rates at selected hotels. Details
are available on the conference web pages:


Cheap accommodation is also available at the Montana Youth and Family
hostel, 10 minutes by bus outside central Bergen. For more information
please contact:

Montana Youth and Family hostel
Tel: + 47 55 29 29 00
Fax: + 47 55 29 04 75

There are also several camping sites outside Bergen. For more information
about these and other possible accommodation please contact:

Bergen Tourist Information
Tel: + 47 55 32 14 80
Fax: + 47 55 32 14 64

Money exchange

Most banks are open Mon.-Fri. 8.15am-3pm. Thu. 5.30pm. Foreign currency can
also be exchanged at post offices. Credit cards are accepted in many
restaurants and shops.

Pre-conference text encoding course


A Course in SGML, TEI, MECS, and an introduction to tools in text encoding
for humanisties research will be held on Saturday and Sunday, 22-23 June.
Instructors will be Lou Burnard, Peter Cripps, Claus Huitfeldt, and C. M.

The course will introduce the fundamental problems of text encoding and the
representation of texts in electronic form, using the Standard Generalized
Markup Language (SGML), the SGML-based encoding scheme of the Text Encoding
Initiative (TEI), and the Multi-Element Code System (MECS) developed by the
Wittgenstein Archives at the University of Bergen. The main focus will be
on fundamental issues of encoding, but specifics of the tag sets defined by
the TEI and the Wittgenstein Archives, and practical issues facing academic
projects, will also be touched upon.

Topics to be covered include:

* introduction to electronic text and general principles of markup
* basics of SGML, MECS, and the TEI
* document analysis: what it is, how to do it, why it's important
* group tagging of sample texts
* special problems of text markup for research (hypertext, critical
apparatus, annotation and analysis, ...)
* practical considerations: project organisation, software, where to get
further information

The registration fee of 400 NOK covers participation in the sessions and
handouts. You'll be responsible for your own lunch. (Sandwiches and soft
drinks will be on sale on Sunday.)

Pre-conference trip to the fjords and mountains on Monday 24 June

Norway in a nutshell

(See also <http://dsm.datasmidja.no/nutshell/>)

You leave Bergen by train in the morning, along S=F8rfjorden to Voss. From
there you start the climb to the mountain plateau which separates the
western fjords from East Norway. In Myrdal you change train and then go
down the many sharp curves on the Fl=E5m Railway, which is known as one of
the most spectacular train rides in the world. After a short stay in Fl=E5m=
the trip goes on by boat on the Aurlandsfjord and N=E6r=F8yfjord, one of th=
narrowest fjords in West Norway (both are tributary fjords to the
Sognefjord). From Gudvangen you return by bus to Voss, where there is a
train to take you back to Bergen.

Price: NOK 450 (children NOK 225)

Half day excursion on Thursday 27 June

A bus trip will take you first to the Fantoft stave church. The original
church was built in Fortun in Sogn sometime around 1150 and moved to
Fantoft in 1883. It was burnt down in June 1992. The stave church is now
being rebuilt as it was before the fire, and will be completed in spring

>From the stave church the bus will go to the Natlandsfjellet mountain with
a panoramic view of the Bergen valley and the city. The tour will then
continue to the Old Bergen open air museum with some forty 18th and 19th
century dwellings with period interiors showing town-life as it was then.
After a stay at the museum the tour returns to town, stopping at the
harbour opposite the castle and the old wharf (Bryggen).

Price: NOK 120

Optional Conference banquet

At 8pm on Thursday 27 June we have the pleasure of inviting participants
and companions to a conference banquet in the H=E5kon's Hall, a royal banqu=
hall erected during the reign of King H=E5kon H=E5konsson between 1247 and
1261. This was the largest and most imposing building of the royal
residency in the 13th century when Bergen was the political centre of

Price: NOK 400

Conference fee

Until 15 April 1996:

Members of the ALLC or the ACH: NOK 1000
Non-members NOK 1250

After 15 April 1996:

Members of the ALLC or the ACH NOK 1250
Non-members NOK 1500

Conference programme and further information

Information about the conference and the programme is available at our
web-pages at:

There is also a registration form available at the web-pages.

For further information about the conference you can also contact the local

Espen S. OreE-mail: Espen.Ore@hd.uib.no
Tel: + 47 55 58 28 65Fax: + 47 55 58 94 70

Humanistisk datasenter
Harald Haarfagresgt. 31
N-5007 Bergen

For further information about the conference hotels please contact:

Tel: + 47 55 30 63 06
Fax: + 47 55 30 63 40

Postboks 822
N-5001 Bergen

International Program Committee

Jan-Gunnar Tingsell, Gothenburg University (ALLC) (chair)
Chuck Bush, Brigham Young University (ACH),
Gordon Dixon, Manchester Metropolitan University (ALLC),
Nancy Ide, Vassar College (ACH),
Willard McCarty, University of Toronto (ACH),
Elli Mylonas, Brown University (ACH),
Lisa Lena Opas, University of Joensuu (ALLC),
Harold Short, Kings College (ALLC)

Local Organizer: Espen S. Ore, University of Bergen (ALLC)

Espen Ore Tel: + 47 55 58 28 65
Norwegian Computing Centre for the Humanities Fax: + 47 55 58 94 70
Bergen, NORWAY

Date: Fri, 15 Mar 1996 12:05:18 -0500
From: Jaroslav Skira <jskira@epas.utoronto.ca>
Subject: Ethics Conference - Toronto

I think some of you might find this of interest. It's an "Ethics &=20
Technology" conference in Toronto, which will deal with some of the issues=
Humanist members have written about in the past. The WWW page has more info=
(see bottom of this message).
Jerry Skira

Ethical Issues for the Next Millennium

Reflections on Ethics and Technology
MAY 30-31, 1996
University of St. Michael's College (Toronto, Canada)
=09=09( http://www.utoronto.ca/stmikes/cont_ed )

This Conference is made possible through the financial assistance of=
The Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) and the
University of St. Michael's College.=20
Sponsored by :
Bell Mobility, Quality Offset Printers, Monnex Insurance=20

=09=09=09THURSDAY, MAY 30, 1996.
3:00 p.m. - 10:00 p.m.
Registration, Exhibits, Opening Plenary, Reception, Gala Dinner=20

Keynote Address:
"Surveying the Landscape of Ethical Pluralism"=20

As we stand on the edge of a new millennium, ethical issues, not unlike the
technology of the past few decades, grow more complex and develop more
- Our Speaker: Dr. RICHARD GULA, S.S. is a professor of moral theology at S=
Patrick's Seminary, Menlo Park, California. A graduate of St. Michael's=20
Faculty of Theology, Dr. Gula has published extensively on topics related t=
medical ethics, including euthanasia. His most recent book is Ethics in=20
Pastoral Ministry.=20

=09=09=09FRIDAY, MAY 31, 1996
9:00 a.m. - 6:00 p.m.
Panel Discussion, Concurrent Workshops, Luncheon Address=20

Case scenarios will address ethical issues around technology and health car=
education, law, media, ministry, business, politics and the environment.=20
- Luncheon Speaker: Dr. URSULA FRANKLIN, Emeritus Professor, University of
Toronto; Senior Fellow, Massey College. Dr. Franklin will speak about the
ways of coping with the ethical dilemmas posed by a technological society.=

Full Conference Fee: $200
One Day Only: $125=20



- On the internet, more detailed information and a Conference Booklet may=
be seen at: http://www.utoronto.ca/stmikes/cont_ed .

- Via mail, more detailed information and a Conference Booklet may=20
be obtained by writing or calling:=20
Continuing Education Division, USMC
81 St. Mary Street
Toronto, Ontario
(416) 926-7254
Fax (416) 926-7276=20

- Or e-Mail C. Clifford at: clifford@epas.utoronto.ca=20

Jaroslav (Jerry) Skira | University of St. Michael's College
jskira@epas.utoronto.ca | http://www.epas.utoronto.ca:8080/~jskira