13.0019 new on WWW: talk; Digital Library collections

Humanist Discussion Group (humanist@kcl.ac.uk)
Mon, 17 May 1999 22:58:35 +0100 (BST)

Humanist Discussion Group, Vol. 13, No. 19.
Centre for Computing in the Humanities, King's College London

[1] From: Willard McCarty <willard.mccarty@kcl.ac.uk> (6)
Subject: talk online

[2] From: NINCH-ANNOUNCE <david@ninch.org> (177)
Subject: National Digital Library: 2 New Collections Announced

Date: Mon, 17 May 1999 22:54:35 +0100
From: Willard McCarty <willard.mccarty@kcl.ac.uk>
Subject: talk online

Dear Colleagues:

I offer for your amusement and/or interest the text of a talk I am about to
give, "We would know how we know what we know: Responding to the
computational transformation of the humanities", at
<http://ilex.cc.kcl.ac.uk/wlm/essays/know/>. Comments welcome.


Date: Mon, 17 May 1999 22:56:45 +0100
From: NINCH-ANNOUNCE <david@ninch.org>
Subject: National Digital Library: 2 New Collections Announced

May 17 1999


William P. Gottlieb: Photographs from the Golden Age of Jazz


Duke University Sheet Music Collection


>Date: Wed, 05 May 1999 09:44:06 -0400
> From: Tamara Swora-Gober <tswo@loc.gov>
> Organization: Library of Congress
> Gottlieb

The Library of Congress National Digital Library Program and the Music
Division announce the release of the on-line collection "William P. Gottlieb:
Photographs from the Golden Age of Jazz" at the American Memory web site at


In 1995 the Library of Congress purchased the collection with financial
support from the Ira and Leonore S. Gershwin Fund, and the National Digital
Library Program has created the on-line presentation in collaboration with the
Music Division.

The William P. Gottlieb Collection, comprised of over sixteen hundred
photographs of celebrated jazz artists, documents the jazz scene in New
York City and Washington, D.C. from 1938 to 1948. An ardent jazz fan,
Mr. Gottlieb began working for The Washington Post after college and
convinced his editor to let him write a weekly jazz column -- perhaps
the first in a major newspaper -- in addition to his assigned duties.
The Post could not afford to provide a photographer for the column, so
Mr. Gottlieb purchased a Speed Graphic press camera and taught himself
the art of photography in order to illustrate his articles. After his
position with the Post, he worked as a writer-photographer for Down Beat
magazine from 1946 to 1948. His work also frequently appeared in other
periodicals such as Record Changer, Saturday Review, and Collier's.
During the course of his career, Mr. Gottlieb took portraits of
prominent jazz musicians and personalities, including Louis Armstrong,
Duke Ellington, Charlie Parker, Billie Holiday, Dizzy Gillespie, Earl
Hines, Thelonious Monk, Stan Kenton, Ray McKinley, Coleman Hawkins, Ella
Fitzgerald, and Benny Carter.

The on-line collection provides access to digital images of all sixteen
hundred negatives, approximately one hundred annotated contact prints,
and over two hundred photographic prints that show Mr. Gottlieb's
preferred cropping. The web site also includes digital images of Down
Beat magazine articles in which Mr. Gottlieb's photographs were first

Other special features of the on-line presentation are audio clips of
Mr. Gottlieb discussing specific photographs, articles about the
collection from Civilization magazine and the Library of Congress
Information Bulletin, and a "Gottlieb on Assignment" section which
showcases Down Beat articles about Thelonious Monk, Dardanelle, Willie
"The Lion" Smith, and Buddy Rich.

Approximately 1,600 negatives and color transparencies, 64 framed
exhibition prints, 950 reference prints, and accompanying contact prints
compose the collection. The bulk of the negatives are black-and-white
nitrate or acetate film cut into three sizes: 2-1/4 x 2-1/4, 3-1/4 x
4-1/4, and 4 x 5 inches. Contact prints are 3-1/4 x 4-1/4 inches or less
and are often annotated with cropping, burning, and other special
instructions. Gottlieb divided his photographs into two separate series.
Series A contains many of the most frequently published images while
Series B consists of less popular, but not necessarily lower quality,
photographs. Uncropped 8 x 10-inch reference prints of Series A are
available in the Music Division Reading Room. The Prints and Photographs
Division houses the negatives, color transparencies, and contact prints,
but the Music Division Reading Room handles reference work related to
the collection.

The Gottlieb Collection receives much use by library patrons both
on-site and off-site and is accessed regularly by journalists, book
editors, museum curators, artists, and producers of multimedia
documentaries. The photographs have been exhibited in more than 150
venues in the United States and abroad, including the National Portrait
Gallery in Washington, D.C. (which has acquired a print of Duke
Ellington), the Library of Congress as part of the permanent American
Treasures exhibit, the Deutsche Bank on Fifty-second Street in New York
City, the Museum of Modern Art in Stockholm, Sweden, and the Navio
Museum in Osaka, Japan. Mr. Gottlieb's work has been featured in
countless books and articles, used as nearly 250 record album covers,
utilized in television documentaries and major motion pictures, and
distributed as posters, calendars, and T-shirts. In 1994 the United
States Postal Service selected Mr. Gottlieb's portraits of Billie
Holiday, Charlie Parker, Mildred Bailey, and Jimmy Rushing for a series
of postage stamps commemorating jazz singers.


> Date: Thu, 13 May 1999
> From: Tamara Swora-Gober <tswo@loc.gov>
> Organization: Library of Congress
> Subject: LC National Digital Library announces release of Duke Univ Sheet
Music collection
> From: ndlpcoll@loc.gov

The Library of Congress National Digital Library and the Ameritech
Competition announce the release of the Historic American Sheet Music
collection from Duke University's Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special
Collections Library. This is the fourth collection from the
LC/Ameritech competition to come online. The collection can be found at
the following URL:


The Historic American Sheet Music collection presents 3,042 pieces of
sheet music (16,600 images) drawn from the Rare Book, Manuscript, and
Special Collections Library at Duke University, which holds an
important, representative, and comprehensive collection of nineteenth
and early twentieth century American sheet music. This selection
presents a significant perspective on American history and culture
through a variety of music types including bel canto, minstrel songs,
protest songs, sentimental songs, patriotic and political songs,
plantation songs, spirituals, dance music, songs from vaudeville and
musicals, "Tin pan alley" songs, and songs from World War I. The
collection is particularly strong in antebellum Southern music,
Confederate imprints, and Civil War songs and music. Also included are
piano music of marches, variations, opera excerpts, and dance music,
including waltzes, quadrilles, polkas, etc. Cover illustrations
represent an important, and in some cases almost unique, source of
information for popular contemporary ideas on politics, patriotism,
race, religion, love, and sentiment.

The American Memory site also includes a companion collection from the
Library of Congress Music Division entitled, Music for the Nation,
American Sheet Music, 1870-1885. The first release of this collection
appeared last year (22,000 items, 150,000 images). It is being scanned
from 35mm microfilm and is a comprehensive collection of sheet music
registered for copyright in the post-Civil War era. The URL is:


For the Duke collection, the digital reproductions of the sheet music
are mounted at Duke. The music was scanned in color from originals.
HTML page-turning "wrappers" were created automatically in a batch using
a perl script. This is in contrast to the page-turning approach used by
the Library of Congress, where small page-turning datasets are created
for each item (also in batches using scripts), and the HTML display is
generated dynamically from the dataset.

The collection was released at Duke as part of the Digital Scriptorium

http://scriptorium.lib.duke.edu/sheetmusic/ ]
in late 1998. At Duke, finding aids, marked up in SGML according to the
Encoded Archival Description (EAD) DTD, with very detailed descriptive
information for each piece of music, are indexed and presented on the
web for searching using DynaWeb software. Copies of the finding aids
were delivered to the Library of Congress, where they were converted to
a form that could be easily incorporated into American Memory allowing
searching within this collection or across all collections using the
Library's InQuery search engine. Both search interfaces generate
bibliographic displays from which a click on the image of the cover
links to the corresponding page-turning wrapper at Duke.

For an example of cross-collection searching in American Memory that
retrieves some of this sheet music with some other treasures, try
searching from

webster daniel [consider choosing the "match exact phrase" option

For additional information about this project please visit the page
announcing Duke's award which can be found at

For information about the LC/Ameritech competition please visit the
competition home page which can be found at

David L. Green
Executive Director
21 Dupont Circle, NW
Washington DC 20036
202/296-5346 202/872-0886 fax

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