14.0310 readings & thoughts on hyperlinking

From: by way of Willard McCarty (willard@lists.village.Virginia.EDU)
Date: 10/05/00

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                   Humanist Discussion Group, Vol. 14, No. 310.
           Centre for Computing in the Humanities, King's College London
       [1]   From:    Einat Amitay <einat@ics.mq.edu.au>                  (47)
             Subject: Re: 14.0300 recommended readings?
       [2]   From:    lachance@chass.utoronto.ca (Francois Lachance)      (48)
             Subject: a link or linking?
             Date: Thu, 05 Oct 2000 06:17:59 +0100
             From: Einat Amitay <einat@ics.mq.edu.au>
             Subject: Re: 14.0300 recommended readings?
    Hi Willard,
      > 1. the effects of hypertextual linking on compositional practice, by
      > which I mean, how using hypertextual links changes the way one writes
      > and esp how such linking influences or could influence the design of
      > scholarly forms, such as the critical essay, edition, commentary etc.
    This is a fraction from my own list (this is the subject of my studies so
    The first links to view are
    (the ACM HyperText conference series)
    (the Eastgate hypertext project/source)
    Then you might want to look at:
    Bernstein M. (1998). Patterns of hypertext. in Proceedings of the ninth ACM
    conference on Hypertext and hypermedia: Hypertext98, pp 21-29.
    Haas S.W. & Grams E.S. (2000). Readers, authors, and page structure: A
    discussion of four questions arising from a content analysis of Web pages.
    Journal of the American Society for Information Science (JASIS), 51, 2,
    Foltz, P.W. (1996) Comprehension, Coherence and Strategies in Hypertext and
    Linear text. In Rouet, J.-F., Levonen, J.J., Dillon, A.P. & Spiro, R.J.
    (Eds.) Hypertext and Cognition. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
    Ricardo F.J. (1998). Stalking the paratext: speculations on hypertext links
    as a second order text. in Proceedings of the ninth ACM conference on
    Hypertext and hypermedia: Hypertext98, pp 142-151.
    Erickson T. (1996). The World Wide Web as social hypertext. Communications of
    the ACM, 39:1:15-17.
    Genres and the Web: Is the personal home page the first uniquely digital
    Andrew Dillon and Barbara Gushrowski, draft of a paper published in Journal
    of the American Society for Information Science on the genre charatersitcis
    of personal home pages.
    Susana Pajares Tosca. (2000). A pragmatics of links. In Proceedings of
    Hypertext 2000, pp. 77 - 84.
    My own work about paragraph structure in Web-hypertext (to appear in JASIS
    January, 2001) last draft:
    Good luck - and please return some pointers to your own work about the
    Einat Amitay
             Date: Thu, 05 Oct 2000 06:18:30 +0100
             From: lachance@chass.utoronto.ca (Francois Lachance)
             Subject: a link or linking?
    Couldn't help noticing a subtle move in your posting on hypertextual
    linking.  A loose paraphrase of your three topic areas:
    1. effects of hypertextual linking on compositional practice
    2. the design of linking
    3. scholarly reference versus the computably conceivable
    seems to stress process --- human users interacting with a digital system.
    Your final paragraph however slips towards product and perhaps
    inadvertantly restricts the scope of the investigation:
      > The more one thinks about the hypertextual link, the cruder an
      > instrument it appears. How subtle and various by contrast (and of course
      > how problematic) are the ways in which one can in print say "see X"!
    All of your three topics seems to point to _sets_ of links or some implied
    plurality. The move to the singular "hypertextual link" puzzles me. Even
    in HTML, the simple anchor element can be quite powerful if one considers
    that the links provided by the content producers can lead to
    "intermediate" menus with selections, (i.e. a set of links) --- including
    to search engines that are capable of providing information about sites
    that link to a certain url.
    That said some remarks on your three topics from the HTML perpective:
    3) the difference between scholarly and non-scholarly electronic texts
    might be measured in part by the number of fragment identifiers used to
    link spots within a document. Of course this count would be influenced by
    distribution of HTML knowledge over time --- with earlier texts not being
    so rich in supplying links between footnotes and the body of a text.
    2) John Bradley has already pointed to the TEI and indicated that Xlink
    and XPointer will allow scholars to link directly to say the fifth
    paragraph of a target document without a fragment identifier being in
    place in the target document.  [The current work around is to have an
    "intermediate" menu which provides the url to the document and a keyword
    which a Web surfer would invoke for searching once the document is
    retrieved. (e.g. point Marx's 1844 manuscipt and supply keyword
    "Eigenschaften") There may be a Java applet which automates such a
    1) It may be that compositional practice, the link *smile* between both
    hypertextual navigation and the creation of hypertext passes through
    basic cut and paste possibilities:
       a) where a composer can not cite, a composer points
       b) where a composer can not point, a composer paraphrases
       c) where a composer can not paraphrase, a composer alludes
    Of course this mention of pointing, citing and paraphrases makes me wonder
    if the discussion on the nature of commentary in an electronic milieu is
    not linked *grin* to your call for a consideration of the nature of the
    hypertextual link. And voila, I have fallen for your seductive singular!
    Francois Lachance, Scholar-at-large
    Member of the Evelyn Letters Project

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