16.012 ELRA news; digital preservation activities

From: Humanist Discussion Group (by way of Willard McCarty (w.mccarty@btinternet.com)
Date: Wed May 08 2002 - 02:08:38 EDT

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                    Humanist Discussion Group, Vol. 16, No. 12.
           Centre for Computing in the Humanities, King's College London

       [1] From: Magali Duclaux <duclaux@elda.fr> (39)
             Subject: ELRA news

       [2] From: NINCH-ANNOUNCE <david@ninch.org> (266)
             Subject: "What's New in Digital Preservation?" December 2001-
                     April 2002

             Date: Wed, 08 May 2002 06:58:52 +0100
             From: Magali Duclaux <duclaux@elda.fr>
             Subject: ELRA news

              European Language Resources Association
                              ELRA News

    We are happy to announce a new resource available via ELRA:

    S0123 Basque Spoken Corpus, by John Aske (Professor Assistant,
    Foreign Languages Department, Salem State College)

    A description is given below.

    *** Basque Spoken Corpus, by John Aske (Professor Assistant,
    Foreign Languages Department, Salem State College) ***

    This is a collection of forty two narratives in the Basque language
    (Euskara) by native speakers. It includes sound files (MP3 format)
    and full detailed transcripts. Each of the narratives is a recounting
    of a short, silent movie that the speaker has just watched to a friend
    or acquaintance who has not seen the movie (no other person was
    present in the room, just the recording equipment). Two short silent
    movies were used to elicit the narratives: Twenty one of the narratives
    correspond to the 7-minute silent movie The Pear Story (Chafe, ed., 1980)
    and the other 21 are about a 12 minute collage from Charlie Chaplin's
    Modern Times. The recordings were made as a part of a study on Basque
    word order in 1993 (Aske 1997). The transcriptions are made following a
    modified version of the guidelines given in Edwards and Lampert 1993. The
    speakers were from different age groups, different dialects, and had differing
    language abilities. Profiles of the speakers are also included. In addition to
    the 42 narratives with transcripts, 53 additional sound tracks of
    speech and description of still images are also included.

    For further information, please contact:

    55-57 rue Brillat-Savarin
    F-75013 Paris, France

    Tel +33 1 43 13 33 33
    Fax +33 1 43 13 33 30

    E-mail mapelli@elda.fr

    or visit the online catalogue on our Web site:
    or http://www.elda.fr

             Date: Wed, 08 May 2002 06:59:20 +0100
             From: NINCH-ANNOUNCE <david@ninch.org>
             Subject: "What's New in Digital Preservation?" December 2001-April

    News on Networking Cultural Heritage Resources
    from across the Community
    May 7, 2002

                          "What's New in Digital Preservation?"
                                December 2001-April 2002

    Below is a very useful compilation of selected recent activity in the field
    of digital preservation created by the UK's Digital Preservation Coalition
    and the National Library of Australia as part of their joint Memorandum of
    Understanding. This is the first issue of a continuing service. The
    compilers are interested in feedback to improve the service. Contact:

    David Green

    What's New in Digital Preservation?
    A joint service of the Digital Preservation Coalition and PADI compiled by
    Michael Day (UKOLN, University of Bath)
    This is a summary of selected recent activity in the field of digital
    preservation compiled from the Digital Preservation and padiforum-l email
    lists and the Preserving Access to Digital Information (PADI) Gateway.

    1. Organisations

    1.1 The Digital Preservation Coalition

    The Digital Preservation Coalition (DPC) was officially launched at the
    House of Commons on the 27 February 2002. This event was very
    successful and gained a large amount of press-coverage for digital
    preservation issues.

    On the 25 March 2002 in London, the coalition organised a DPF Forum on
    Web-archiving. Presentations included a general introduction to
    Web-archiving issues and the UK Web domain; also descriptions of
    Web-archiving activity in the BBC and the Bibliothque nationale de France.
    A workshop report and links to all presenters' PowerPoint slides are
    available on the DPC Web-site:

    A more detailed review of recent DPC activity can be found in:
    Neil Beagrie, "An update on the Digital Preservation Coalition," D-Lib
    Magazine, 8 (4), April 2002.

    1.2 The US National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation
    Program (NDIIPP)

    This initiative began in late 2000, when Congress called for the Library of
    Congress (LC) to take the lead in a national collaborative planning effort
    for the long-term preservation of digital content. The April 2002 issue of
    D-Lib Magazine contained a progress report by Amy Friedlander (Council on
    Library and Information Resources). . Friedlander outlines the results of
    some stakeholder meetings held lastNovember, including the support for a
    national initiative from stakeholder groups that are not part of the
    traditional scholarly community, e.g. the entertainment industry. A
    research programme - which will be a key part ofNDIIPP - also aims to be
    collaborative in nature and LC is already workingwith the National Science
    Foundation (NSF) and other federal agencies in drawing up a research
    agenda. An invitational workshop to discuss theresearch agenda was held in
    April 2002 in Washington and information is beingposted to a website
    mounted at the University of Michigan (www.si.umich.edu/digarch/).

    An additional theme in NDIIPP is the importance of building operational
    systems. It is acknowledged that mistakes may be made, but that it is
    important to learn lessons from these. LC have also worked on devising a
    conceptual framework in order to see how the many andvaried entities and
    functions related to the long-term preservation of digital content might
    interact. This is also described briefly in this paper.

    Amy Friedlander, "The National Digital Information Infrastructure
    Preservation Program: expectations, realities, choices and progress to
    date," D-Lib Magazine, 8 (4), April 2002.

    1.3 OCLC/RLG Working Groups

    In April 2002, the OCLC/RLG Preservation Metadata Working Group published a
    proposed metadata element set for what the OAIS model refers to as
    'Preservation Description Information' (PDI). Previous documents from the
    group had provided a state-of-the-art survey of preservation metadata
    activities and a recommendation for OAIS 'Content Information.' Publication
    of the PDI recommendation means that the group has almost completed its
    commissioned task. A final document bringing together both metadata
    recommendations is currently being compiled. All working group documents
    are available in PDF from: http://www.oclc.org/research/pmwg/documents.shtm

    The other joint OCLC/RLG digital preservation initiative, the Digital
    Archive Attributes Working Group, published a draft document entitled
    Attributes of a Trusted Digital Repository in August 2001, This has been
    very well received and is available in PDF from:

    2. Projects:

    2.1 The Cedars project
    Work on the Cedars (CURL Exemplars in Digital Archives) project finished in
    March 2002. The project had been going for almost four years and a final
    workshop was held in Manchester on the 25-26 February in order to
    disseminate information about the project, put that work into a wider
    context and to look forward to what should happen after the project had
    ended. A short summary of this event has been published in the April
    edition of RLG DigiNews, while a longer version is available on the Cedars
    Project Web-site: Michael Day and Maggie Jones, Cedars Final Workshop,
    Manchester Conference Centre, UMIST, Manchester, 25-26 February 2002,
    Leeds: Cedars Project, 22 April 2002.

    Michael Day, "The Final Cedars Workshop: a report from Manchester, UK," RLG
    DigiNews, 6 (2) April 2002.

    In the first quarter of 2002, the Cedars project has also published a
    series of guides to various digital preservation issues. Available in print
    form (and in PDF) are guides to intellectual property rights, preservation
    metadata and digital collection management. Each of these is about 20 pages
    long, and are intended to provide non-technical introductions for anyone
    interested in aspects of digital preservation, including librarians,
    archivists, records managers and the creators of digital content. The
    guides describe some specific outcomes of the Cedars project (e.g. the
    draft metadata specification) but also attempt to provide a more general
    view and give indications of further reading. In the same series, a guide
    to digital preservation strategies is now available in HTML and an
    introduction to the Cedars digital archive prototype is under preparation.
    These guides are available in digital form (PDF or HTML) from the Cedars
    project Web-site: http://www.leeds.ac.uk/cedars/pubconf/pubconf.html

    2.2 ERPANET

    ERPANET (Electronic Resource Preservation and Access NETwork) has been
    funded by the European Commission to help bring together all types of
    organisation interested in digital preservation issues. It will primarily
    provide awareness about digital preservation by providing information and
    advice services, thematic workshops, training seminars, guidelines, etc.
    The project started in November 2001. Project partners are the Humanities
    Advanced Technology and Information Institute (HATII) at the University
    ofGlasgow, the Schweizerisches Bundesarchiv (Swiss Federal Archives), the
    Rijksarchiefdienst (National Archives of the Netherlands) and the Institute
    for Archival and Library Science at the University of Urbino. More
    information on ERPANET can be found on the project's Web pages at:

    2.3 Preservation of electronic scholarly journals

    The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation has funded seven major US libraries to
    investigate the development of digital repositories for e-journals. Work on
    these projects is continuing, but the Harvard University E-Journal
    Archiving project has recently (December 2001) published a report produced
    by Inera, Inc. on the feasibility of developing a common archival article
    Document Type Definition (DTD). The report recommended the creation of an
    XML DTD (or Schema), which would permit "successful conversion of
    significant intellectual content from publisher SGML and XML files into a
    common format for archival purposes." Also in December, the Harvard project
    published a draft proposal for the technical specifications of a Submission
    Information Package (SIP) that defined data formats, file naming
    conventions, metadata, etc. Both of these documents are available in PDF
    from the Digital Library Federation (DLF) Web-site: Inera, Inc., E-Journal
    Archive DTD feasibility study: commissioned by the Harvard University
    Library, Office for Information Systems, E-Journal Archiving Project, 5
    December 2001. http://www.diglib.org/preserve/hadtdfs.pdf

    Harvard University Library, Harvard E-Journal Archive: Submission
    Information Package (SIP) specification, v. 1.0 draft, 19 December 2001.
    General information on the Mellon-funded programme can be found on the DLF
    Web-site: http://www.diglib.org/preserve/presjour.htm

    3. Other events

    A meeting of the US National Information Standards Organization (NISO) Book
    Industry Study Group (BISG) took place during the American Library
    Association's Midwinter 2002 Conference on the 20 January. This was
    entitled 'Archiving Electronic Publications' and included progress
    reportsfrom two of the Mellon funded e-journal projects: Harvard
    University's E-Journal Archiving project and Elsevier Science's
    collaboration with YaleUniversity Library. A final presentation reported on
    collaboration between OCLC and the US Government Printing Office (GPO) on a
    Web Document DigitalArchive pilot project. A short summary of the meeting
    can be found at: http://www.niso.org/presentations/niso-bisg-rpt.html

    4. Other recent publications:

    Michael K. Bergman, "The deep Web: surfacing hidden value," Journal of
    Electronic Publishing, 7 (1), August 2001.
    This 'white paper' is concerned with the so-called 'deep Web,' whereby
    information is buried deep within dynamically generated sites and which can
    not, therefore, be easily reached by standard search engines. The paper is
    essentially marketing a product (search technology from a company called
    BrightPlanet) and is not about preservation, but it may be able to inform
    harvesting-based Web-preservation initiatives on the nature of dynamic or
    database-driven Web-sites.

    Hilary Berthon, Susan Thomas and Colin Webb, "Safekeeping: a cooperative
    approach to building a digital preservation resource," D-Lib Magazine, 8
    (1), January 2002. http://www.dlib.org/dlib/january02/berthon/01berthon.html
    This paper describes the National Library of Australia's Safekeeping
    project, which has funding from the Council on Library and Information
    Resources (CLIR). The project is trying to facilitate a distributed network
    of 'safekept' resources relating to digital preservation (selectedfrom the
    PADI database) by encouraging resource owners to take responsibility for
    providing long-term access - or to nominate third parties who could do so
    on their behalf. The co-operative model of the Safekeeping project is
    interesting because it might encourage the creators and owners of resources
    to face up to the responsibilities that they hold with regard to
    maintaining long-term access.

    Stewart Granger, "Digital preservation and deep infrastructure," D-Lib
    Magazine, 8 (2), February 2002.
    This is an 'opinion' piece by Stewart Granger of the University of Leeds.

    Anne R. Kenney, Nancy Y. McGovern, Peter Botticelli, Richard Entlich,
    CarlLagoze and Sandrea Payette, "Preservation risk management for Web
    resources: virtual remote control in Cornell's Project Prism," D-Lib
    Magazine, 8 (1), January 2002.
    This paper suggests that Web preservation strategies could use risk
    management methodologies. It is based on the work of Cornell University's
    Project Prism, funded as part of the second phase of the US Digital
    Libraries Initiative.

    Julia Martin and David Coleman, "Change the metaphor: the archive as an
    ecosystem," Journal of Electronic Publishing, 7 (3), April 2002.
    The authors of this paper are researchers at the University of New South
    Wales and the University of Sydney. The paper argues that there is unlikely
    to be any single solution to the digital preservation problem butthat rapid
    technological change will mean that preservation solutions willneed to be
    in a state of constant change.

    Michael L. Nelson and B. Danette Allen, "Object persistence and
    availability in digital libraries," D-Lib Magazine, 8 (1), January 2002.
    http://www.dlib.org/dlib/january02/nelson/01nelson.html This paper -
    produced by researchers working at the NASA Langley Research Center -
    looked at the persistence and continued availability of 1,000 digital
    library objects. These were mostly found in Web-based e-print services like
    arXiv, CogPrints and PubMed Central. The authors found that in just over
    one year, 3% of the tested objects no longer appeared to be available. With
    an assumption that objects placed in e-print services should persist longer
    than the average Web page, the authors cautiously conclude that this
    finding may have relevance for those concerned with long-term preservation.
    However, Nelson and Allen consider that more detailed studies of digital
    library object persistence need to be made.

    Elizabeth Yakel, "Digital preservation," Annual Review of Information
    Science and Technology, 35, 2001, 337-378. A general overview of digital
    preservation issues by an assistant professor in the School of Information
    at the University of Michigan.

    5. Other links:

      From the Digitale Duurzaamheid Digital Preservation Testbed
    (http://www.digitaleduurzaamheid.nl/): Migration context and current
    status. Digital Preservation Testbed White Paper, 5 December 2001.
    - Approaches towards the long term preservation of archival digital records.

    Digital Preservation Testbed Infosheet,v. 1.7, 19 September 2001.
    Also (from the digital-preservation@jiscmail.ac.uk and
    padiforum-l@nla.gov.au e-mail lists):

    Andreas Aschenbrenner, Long-Term Preservation of digital material -
    building an archive to preserve digital cultural heritage from the
    Internet, Masters Thesis, Technical University Vienna, December 2001.
    Available in various formats from:

    Arthur Smith, Long Term Archiving of Digital Documents in Physics, report
    of an IUPAP (International Union of Pure and Applied Physics) Conference
    held in Lyon, 5-6 November 2001.

    Dollar Consulting, Archival preservation of Smithsonian web resources:
    strategies, principles, and best practices. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian
    Institution Archives, 20 July 2001.

    VERS (Victorian Electronic Records Strategy) Web-site:
    Neil Beagrie JISC Digital Preservation Focus
    Programme Director Secretary, Digital Preservation Coalition
    JISC London Office, Tel/Fax/Voicemail :+44 (0)709 2048179
    King's College London email: preservation@jisc.ac.uk
    Strand Bridge House url:
    138 - 142, The Strand, email list:
    London WC2R 1HH


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