16.196 acknowledged self-archiving

From: Humanist Discussion Group (by way of Willard McCarty willard.mccarty@kcl.ac.uk)
Date: Wed Sep 04 2002 - 14:37:38 EDT

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                   Humanist Discussion Group, Vol. 16, No. 196.
           Centre for Computing in the Humanities, King's College London

             Date: Wed, 04 Sep 2002 10:27:42 -0700
             From: Stevan Harnad <harnad@ECS.SOTON.AC.UK>
             Subject: Garfield: "Acknowledged Self-Archiving is Not Prior

    These two papers by Eugene Garfield -- founder of the Insitute for
    Scientific Information, Current Contents, Science Citation Index,
    and originator of the Citation Impact Factor -- might be of interest to
    the Open Access community:

          "I believe that posting and sharing one's preliminary publications
          [is] an important part of the peer... review process and does
          not justify an embargo by publishers on the grounds of 'prior
          publication'. It was not the case before the Internet, and exceot
          for unusual clinical situations, has not changed because of the
          convenience of the Internet." (Garfield, 2000)

          Garfield, E. (2000) Is Acknowledged Self-Archiving Prior
          Publication? Presented at Third International Symposium
          on Electronic Theses and Dissertations, Mar 17 2000

          Garfield, E. (1999) Acknowledged Self-Archiving is Not
          Prior Publication. The Scientist 13(12): 12 (June 7, 1999)

    I am of course in complete agreement with Eugene Garfield --
    http://www.nih.gov/about/director/ebiomed/com0509.htm#harn45 --
    and would demur only on one point -- minor for what Gene is saying, but
    rather major for what should be motivating researchers to self-archive in
    the first place -- namely, that self-archiving DOES provide far greater
    visibility in the on-line age than on-paper publication alone does. This
    too is documented (but it in no way changes the thrust of Gene's very
    correct observation, and advice to authors and publishers).

    Lawrence, S. (2001a) Online or Invisible? Nature 411 (6837): 521.

    Lawrence, S. (2001b) Free online availability substantially increases a
    paper's impact. Nature Web Debates.

    Odlyzko, A.M. (2002) The rapid evolution of scholarly communication."
    Learned Publishing 15: 7-19

    Harnad, S. & Carr, L. (2000) Integrating, Navigating and Analyzing
    Eprint Archives Through Open Citation Linking (the OpCit Project).
    Current Science 79(5): 629-638.

    Harnad, S. (2000) E-Knowledge: Freeing the Refereed Journal Corpus
    Online. Computer Law & Security Report 16(2) 78-87. [Rebuttal to Bloom
    Editorial in Science and Relman Editorial in New England Journal of

    Harnad, S. (2000) Ingelfinger Over-Ruled: The Role of the Web in the
    Future of Refereed Medical Journal Publishing. Lancet Perspectives 256
    (December Supplement): s16.

    Harnad, S. (2001) "Research access, impact and assessment." Times Higher
    Education Supplement 1487: p. 16.

    Stevan Harnad

    NOTE: A complete archive of the ongoing discussion of providing open
    access to the peer-reviewed research literature online is available at
    the American Scientist September Forum (98 & 99 & 00 & 01):


    Discussion can be posted to: september98-forum@amsci-forum.amsci.org

    See also the Budapest Open Access Initiative:

    and the Free Online Scholarship Movement:

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