Humanist Discussion Group, Vol. 16, No. 448.
Centre for Computing in the Humanities, King's College London
Submit to: email@example.com
Date: Fri, 31 Jan 2003 07:30:40 +0000
From: Willard McCarty <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Subject: new book
[The following may not seem to have much to do with humanities computing. I
send it along because the argument for the cognitive relevance of sensory
and sensory-motor processes has considerable bearing on the further reaches
of developments in multimedia. The author's "geometric approach" likewise
expresses current attention to geometric forms of reasoning in cognitive
science and elsewhere. Comments on these developments would be most
Kluwer is pleased to announce the publication of the following title:
A Theory of Immediate Awareness
Self-Organization and Adaptation in Natural Intelligence
Indiana University, Bloomington, USA
This book presents a realist, multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary
theory of immediate awareness showing it is the most primitive cognitive
network underlying all our natural intelligence. Including preattentive and
attention processes, as well as primitive relations of the senses,
imagination and memory, immediate awareness is a kind of knowing deeply
embedded and interwoven throughout our multiple kinds of natural
intelligence. It permits as well as drives our knowing how, our bodily
intelligence. Against the Cartesian mind-body split found in earlier and
current theories, the author shows how immediate awareness permits emergent
properties of mind in multilayered primitive relations of touching and
moving in bodily kinesthetic intelligence. Contrary to existing theories,
she argues that sensation is not cognitively "neutral," nor does it require
a "representation" in order to be accessible to cognitive processes. Dr.
Estep presents empirical evidence and arguments that sensation of immediate
awareness is itself cognitive and embedded within our sensory and
The author's aim is to turn to a more geometric approach to natural
intelligence, as opposed to the prevalent symbol-based view. In this
approach, she uses random Boolean networks as a way of obtaining law-like
properties of those primitive relations of immediate awareness in terms of
dynamical systems theory. This demonstrates the properties of
self-organization and adaptation of immediate awareness without committing
one to a physicalist/materialist theory. It gives us a way of understanding
core properties of our own inner conscious lives, and of understanding the
smooth and seamless sensitivity of primitive sensory and
Dr. Estep's theory of immediate awareness also shows that the computational
view of mind is wrong. Though our minds do classify, classification is not
all they do. Our immediate awareness indexically selects sui generis
objects that are unique and of no kind or class. The influence of
nominalism and narrow naturalist theories have resulted in extremely narrow
concepts of the human knowing, mind and intelligence, leaving out immediate
awareness altogether. We slip into subtle nominalist fallacies when we take
our language metaphors and language itself too far.
Dedication. Contents. List Of Figures. Preface. Acknowledgements.
1: The Problem of Immediate Awareness. 1.1. The Influence of Nominalism,
Idealism, and Behaviorism.
1.2. A Place for Ontological Questions.
1.3. Historical Background of the Problem: The Dualist Legacy of Descartes'
1.4. From The Linguistic Turn to the Cognitive Naturalistic Turn.
1.5. The Knowing That and Knowing How Distinction: Manner of a Performance
and Multiple Intelligences.
1.6. The Limits of Representation (Classification): The Role of Indexicals
and Unique Objects Present.
1.7. Analyze This.
1.8. The Indexical Operator, Unlike Any Other: Sui Generis Objects.
1.9. The Basic Computational Idea and Argument.
2: The Primitive Relations
of Knowledge by Acquaintance. 2.1. A Realist Theory of Immediate Awareness.
2.2. Analysis of Experience: Russell's Knowledge by Acquaintance.
2.3. Acquaintance with Mathematical Objects: Problems with Unnameables,
Nameability and the Berry Paradox.
2.4. The Primitive Relations.
2.5. The Concept of Image.
2.6. Imagination and Sensation Defined.
2.7. Primitive Acquaintance with Relations Themselves.
3: Arguments Against Immediate Awareness:
The Case of Naturalism.
3.1. Definitions of Certain Terms.
3.2. Non-Inferential Beliefs: Self-Evident Beliefs and a Vox Populi Theory
3.3. Indeterminacy of Translation and Other Problems.
3.4. Are There Immaculate Sensations?
3.5. Matching Up Stimulations.
3.6. Are Meaning Structures Equivalent to Neural Structures?
3.7. Critique of Naturalist Theory of Knowledge.
4: What Does
the Evidence Show. 4.1. Problems with Subjective Definitions of Awareness.
4.2. Neurophysical Experiments.
4.3. Cortical Information, the Preattentive and Attentive Phases.
4.4. The Primitives of the Preattentive Phase.
4.5. Evidence for Cognitive Immediate Awareness.
4.6. Where Do We Enter the Circle of Cognition?
4.7. Learning All Over the Nervous System: Multiple Intelligences.
4.8. Bodily Kinaesthetic Intelligence.
4.9. Classification of Performances.
4.10. The Hierarchy of Primitive Relations of Immediate Awareness.
4.11. Primitive Relations of Preattending, Attending and the Problem with
4.12. Multiple Spaces of Primitive Immediate Awareness.
4.13. The Primitive Relation of Imagining; Hierarchy of the Senses,
Touching, Moving, Probing and Their Spaces.
Set S: At the Core of Multiple Intelligences. 5.1. Kinds of Knowing in
Boundary Set S.
5.2. A Framework for Thinking About Boundary Set S: Dynamical Systems
Theory and Kauffman's Random Boolean Nets for a Geometry of Knowing.
5.3. The Formal and Geometric Structure of the Knowing Universe.
5.4. Digraph Theory of Knowing Relations.
5.5. Properties of Relations: Natural and Artificial Intelligence Systems.
5.6. Information-Theoretic (H) Measures of the Universal Epistemic Set.
5.7. Mechanism or Organicism.
5.8. Poincar Map and Random Graphs of Primitive Knowing Relations: From a
Symbol-Based View to a Geometric View.
5.9. A Toy Model of a Random Graph: Kauffman's Buttons and Threads for a
Tapestry of Knowing.
5.10. Autocatalysis of Knowing: Some Law-Like Properties of Immediate
Awareness and the Binding Problem: Rule-Boundedness.
5.11. A Random Boolean Network of Knowing: The Emergence Of Order.
5.12. The Boundary of Epistemic Boundary Set S.
5.13. Parameter Space and Rugged Landscape of Boundary Set S.
6: Can Neural Networks Simulate Boundary Set S? 6.1. The Cocktailparty
6.2. Kinds of Knowing at the Party.
6.3. Artificial Neural Networks.
6.4. Learning Algorithms.
6.5. Multilayered Synchronous Networks and Self-Organization of Boundary Sets.
6.6. Self-Organizing Neural Networks.
6.8. Critique of Artificial Neural Network Models.
6.9. Natural Language Semantics and Indexical Reference: More Limits of
6.10. The Conflation of Grammatical and Indexical Meaning with Mathematical
7: Computability of Boundary Set S. 7.1. Computation and Complex Epistemic
Domains: Problems with the Classical Computational Approach to Boundary Sets.
7.2. The Decidability of the Epistemic Boundary Set S: Issues From the
7.3. Kinds of Knowing Found in the Moral Universe.
7.4. Recursively Enumerable but Non-Recursive Moral Sets: Is the Set of
Moral Considerations a Countable Set?
7.5. The Epistemic Universe as Complex Numbers, C, or the Real Plane, R2
and the Undecidability of Epistemic Boundary Set S.
8: Summary and Conclusions. 8.1. What the Facts of Natural Intelligence Show.
8.3. Comments on Some Contrasting Views.
8.4. Conclusion. Appendix. References. Index.
Hardbound ISBN: 1-4020-1186-5 Date: April 2003 Pages: 310 pp.
EURO 99.00 / USD 97.00 / GBP 62.00
Dr Willard McCarty | Senior Lecturer | Centre for Computing in the
Humanities | King's College London | Strand | London WC2R 2LS || +44 (0)20
7848-2784 fax: -2980 || email@example.com
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